Myanmar

What Kind of Country is Myanmar? 1-Minute Commentary

Myanmar

  • Area
    Approximately 680,000 km2
  • Capital
    Naypyidaw
  • Population
    About 55 million people
  • Currency
    Myanmar kyat(MMK)
  • Land
    Northwestern Indochina
  • Citizen
    Burmese account for about 70%, but there are many other ethnic minorities.
  • Religion
    Buddhists make up 90%, but there are many other religions
  • Language
    Burmese is mainly used, but Shan and Karen are also used.

Myanmar was known by the country name “Burma” during World War II.

Myanmar is a typical multi-ethnic country, with the following eight major ethnic groups.

  • Burman
  • Chin
  • Kachin
  • Karen
  • Kayah
  • Mon
  • Arakanese
  • Shan

Therefore, although there are different languages ​​and cultures depending on the ethnic group and region, the kingdom that worships Buddhism has prospered for a long time.

The Bagan archaeological site is considered to be the “three major Buddhist archaeological sites” along with Angkor Wat in Cambodia and Borobudur in Indonesia.

Recently, the “Rohingya conflict” in this country has become a hot topic all over the world.

Rohingya are Islamic minorities who have long been persecuted in Rakhine State.

In 1948, the region became independent of British colonial rule and became the Union of Burma.

Later, a military coup destroyed the socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, and in 1989 the name was changed to Myanmar.

In 2010, Aung San Suu Kyi, who had been under house arrest for a long time due to a democratization movement against the military government, won the general election and took office.

In 2016 she became a state counselor.

・Reference
Myanmar’s Troubled History: Coups, Military Rule, and Ethnic Conflic
Myanmar’s coup, explained – Vox

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