Treaty of Cahuenga Was Concluded on January 13, 1847
On January 13, 1847, the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed between the United States and Mexico.
This ended the battle in California in the Mexican-American War.
The Mexican-American War is a war between the United States and Mexico to gain sovereignty over the area where Texas is currently located.
Mexico, which was once independent of Spain, occupied the northern part of Mexico, but there was a constant rebellion by the indigenous people.
In 1803, the United States acquired the central part from France (the Louisiana Purchase), making it even easier for Americans to flow into northern Mexico.
In 1836, an area occupied by illegal immigrants from the United States declared independence from Mexico as the “Republic of Texas.”
France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Belgium have approved the Republic of Texas as a nation.
In 1845, the Republic of Texas annexed the United States, even though Mexico had not yet recognized the independence of the Republic of Texas.
US President Taylor attempted to acquire the then Mexican territories of California and New Mexico, but negotiations broke down.
After annexing Texas, the United States set the “Rio Grande River” just on the border with Mexico.
However, Mexico insisted that the “Nueces River”, north of the Rio Grande, should be the border.
So President James Polk of the United States built Fort Brown on land south of the Nueces River, a land that Mexico claims sovereignty over.
The war began when the Mexican army captured the American army.
On January 13, 1847, the United States conquered California with the conclusion of the Treaty of Cahuenga.
The war ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848.
As a result, the United States has won California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, and most of Colorado.